Stomach Cancer

What Is Stomach Cancer ?

Stomach cancer, also called gastric cancer, begins when healthy cells in the stomach become abnormal and grow out of control.

Types Of Stomach Cancer

Adenocarcinomas: Most Cancer of the stomach (about 90% to 95%) are adenocarcinomas. These Cancer develop from the gland cells in the innermost lining of the Stomach (the mucosa).

Other Types Of Cancer That Can Start In The Stomach

Gastrointestinal stromal Tumors (GISTs):

Neuroendocrine Tumor (including carcinoids):

Lymphomas: These cancer start in immune system cells called lymphocytes. Lymphomas usually start in other parts of the body, but some can start in the wall of the stomach.

Other Cancer

Other types of cancer, such as squamous cell carcinomas, small cell carcinomas, and leiomyosarcomas, can also start in the stomach, but these cancer are very rare.

Risk Factors Of Stomach Cancer ?

Stomach cancer is more common among:

  • older adults, usually people 50 years and older
  • men
  • Smokers
  • people with a family history of the disease
  • H. pylori bacterial infections (a common Stomach infection that can sometimes lead to ulcers)
  • Stomach polyps (abnormal growths of tissue that form on the lining of the stomach)
  • Certain lifestyle factors can also play a role, You may be more likely to get Stomach Cancer if you:
    • Eat a lot of salty or processed foods
    • Alcohol abuse
    • Don’t exercise, Obese
    • Don’t store or cook food properly

Symptoms Of Stomach Cancer

Most common symptoms of Stomach cancer are:

  • Nausea and vomiting
  • Loss of appetite, often accompanied by sudden weight loss
  • Constant bloating
  • Early satiety (feeling full after eating only a small amount)
  • Blood in stools
  • Jaundice
  • Weakness & excessive fatigue
  • Stomach pain, which may be worse after meals

Treatment For Stomach Cancer

Your exact treatment plan will depend on the origin and stage of the cancer. Age and overall health can also play a role.

Usually, Stomach cancer is treated with one or more of the following:

  • Chemotherapy
  • Radiation therapy
  • Surgery
  • Targeted therapy
  • Immunotherapy.